Главная страница «Первого сентября»Главная страница журнала «Английский язык»Содержание №4/2007


Дополнительные задания к книге “Britain in Brief” В.В. Ощепковой и И.И. Шустиловой

continued from No. 24/2006; 1, 3/2007


Text 9. TV and Radio

ВВС and IBA University of the Air “Top of the Pops”

Broadcasting in the United Kingdom is controlled by the British Broadcasting Corporation (ВВС) and the Independent Television Commission (ITC). The ВВС receives its income from the government, but the private companies are controlled by the ITC which replaced in 1991 the IBA.
National radio is controlled by the ВВС, and listeners can choose between five stations. Radio 1 is a rock and pop-music station. Radio 2 plays light music and comedy. Radio 3 plays classical music, and Radio 4 has news programmes, drama and general interest programmes. Radio 5 Live offers reports on sport.
There are two publicly-founded television channels: BBC1 and BBC2. BBC1 is the main television channel. Its programmes are mostly general interest programmes and broadcast comedy and entertainment programmes, films and children’s programmes. BBC2 has more serious programmes and news features. There is a break for advertisements about every 15–20 minutes.
The IBA is responsible for looking after the regional independent TV companies who broadcast their own programmes and those they have bought from other regions. There are three independent channels (Channel 3, 4, 5) which are financed by advertising. People can also prefer to pay for satellite and cable stations. In general, people think the programmes offered on British television are of a very high standard. Some people, however, are becoming worried about the amount of violence on TV, and the effect this may have on young people.
TV and radio are also two of the main teaching channels used by the Open University. This “university of the air” allows many thousands of students to study at home for degrees they never would have obtained in the main educational system. They also have to do without sleep as most of their programmes are broadcast early in the moming or late at night.
“Top of the Pops” is a programme that has been shown every week on ВВС TV since 1964. Each week computers in a number of record-shops throughout the United Kingdom show how many copies of a record have been sold that week. The new chart, issued each Tuesday evening, shows which singles have sold the most copies during the previous week. With this information, the show’s producers decide which songs will be played. Usually it will be those moving up the charts, or the new releases which the disc jockeys (usually called DJs) think will be “hits”. Of course, each week the show finishes with the number one single. Bands either appear live in the studio, or in a video recording made especially to sell the record. These videos have become so important in the last few years that they can help to make a record a hit.


ВВС сокр. от British Broadcasting Corporation – “Би-Би-Си”, Британская радиовещательная корпорация (радио- и телевещательная компания в Лондоне; находится под контролем правительства; транслирует передачи на всю страну и большинство стран мира)

IBA сокр. от the Independent Broadcasting Authority – “Ай-Би-Эй”, Управление независимым радио- и телевещанием (координировало деятельность коммерческих телекомпаний и радиостанций; было заменено на “Ай-Ти-Си”)

“Top of the Pops” “Самые популярные” (еженедельная музыкальная телепрограмма с участием поп-исполнителей и групп; создана в 1964 г.)

ITC сокр. от the Independent Television Commission – “Ай-Ти-Си”, Комиссия независимого телевещания (осуществляет контроль за независимыми телевизионными каналами, которые финансируются за счёт рекламы, а также подписки; имеет кодекс стандартов и практики показа рекламы; создана в 1990г.)


1. Match the type of programmes and the radio station.

1. Radio 1
2. Radio 2
3. Radio 3
4. Radio 4
5. Radio 5

a) reports on sport
b) classical music
c) rock and pop music
d) light music and comedy
e) news programmes, drama and general interest programmes

2. Match the type of programmes and the TV station.

1. BBC 1
2. BBC 2

a) general interest programmes, comedy, entertainment programmes
b) serious programmes, news features


entertain ____________
enjoy ____________
replace ____________
advertise ____________
improve ____________
establish ____________

2. Match the words and their definitions:

1. income
2. replace

3. features
4. degree
5. obtain
6. live

a) to get something you want or need
b) something can be watched on TV or listened to at the Radio at the same time as it happens
c) to get rid of someone/thing and put a new person/thing in their place
d) a part of a programme on television or radio that concentrates on a particular subject
e) money that someone gets from working or from investing money
f) the qualification that you get after completing the course


Modal verbs.

Find sentences with modal verbs in the text and translate these sentences into Russian. Define the meaning of the modal verbs (revise the material of other texts).


A. Prepare a presentation about British Radio. You should speak for 1.5 to 2 minutes. Use the information in text to help you. Order the information, following this plan.

A list of Radio stations

Say what you will talk about
The programmes they stations broadcast

B. Discuss in pairs British TV. Use the information from the text to help you. Ask each other three questions and answer them.


I. 1. 1. c; 2. d; 3. b; 4. e; 5. a

2. 1. a; 2. b

II. 1. entertainment; enjoyment; replacement; advertisement; improvement; establishment.

2. 1. e; 2. c; 3. d; 4. f; 5. a; 6. b

By Viktoria Oschepkova, Irina Shustilova

to be continued